Cardiovascular disease is a disease of the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular). The accumulation of plaque causes the blood vessels (veins) to narrow, which reduces the ability of blood to flow in and out of the heart.
Cardiovascular disease is a general term that includes many types of heart disease, such as heart attack and stroke.
What are major risk factors of cardiovascular disease?
Tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke
High blood pressure
Inflammation of any part of the heart or major artery
What are the symptoms of a heart attack? – Call 911 if you think you’re having a heart attack.
Fullness or excruciating pain in the chest radiating to the neck, jaw, shoulders or arms
Shortness of breath
What are the symptoms of a stroke? – Call 911 if you think you’re having a stroke.
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (especially on one side of the body)
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe headache with no known cause
What is the treatment for cardiovascular disease?
Regular physicals and checkups
Lowering high blood pressure
Reducing high cholesterol
Reducing salt and sodium in your diet
Surgery and other procedures
How can I prevent cardiovascular disease?
You can’t control your age, family history or gender, but you can lower your risk of cardiovascular disease.
Be physically active every day
Eat a healthy diet
Lower your blood pressure
Reduce your cholesterol
Maintain a healthy weight
Manage your diabetes
Where can I find more information about cardiovascular disease?