Human CMV, a member of th herpes virus group, is
a common virus that infects most people some time
during their lives, but rarely causes illness.
it can be present in your body without causing
illness, it can be reactivated and cause illness later.
Who gets CMV?
Anyone can get CMV.
How is CMV spread?
CMV is spread from person-to-person by contact
Possibly other body fluids
The virus can spread
from an infected mother to her fetus or newborn
baby. CMV can also be acquired by blood
transfusion and organ transplants.
What are the symptoms of CMV infection?
Most children and adults infected with CMV do not
have symptoms. Those who do may have:
people (such as AIDS patients or those receiving
cancer treatments) may have a more serious illness
such as pneumonia or inflammation of the eye.
most severe form of the disease occurs when a fetus
is infected. Most of these infections are without
symptoms; however, about 10 percent of these babies later
have some type of disability such as:
How soon after infection do symptoms
Illness following transfusion with infected blood
begins three to eight weeks after the transfusion.
acquired during birth may occur three to 12 weeks after
The time frame for onset of symptoms
following person-to-person transmission is
unknown, since most people never become ill.
How long can an infected person carry CMV?
CMV can remain in the body throughout a person's
lifetime. The virus may be found in the urine or
saliva of infected people who may or may not be ill.
How is CMV diagnosed?
Diagnosis is made by various laboratory tests.
What is the treatment for CMV infections?
There is usually no treatment for CMV. However,
patients with AIDS or cancer who have an eye
infection may be treated with an antiviral
Should an infected person be excluded from
school or work?
What precautions should pregnant women
Pregnant women should be careful to wash their
hands after changing diapers or having contact with
urine or saliva.
Those working in child care centers
should not kiss babies or young children on the
Pregnant women should ask their doctors
about CMV infections.
What can be done to stop the spread of CMV?
Good hand washing is the best way to prevent
infection with CMV. Health care workers should
wear disposable gloves when handling sheets or
clothes soiled with feces or urine.
Where can I get more information?
Contact your doctor or the Southern Nevada Health District, Office of Epidemiology at (702) 759-1300.