Kawasaki Syndrome is a febrile illness in which the
fever lasts for 5 days or longer, with at least four of
the five following physical findings and no other more reasonable explanation of the observed clinical
Bilateral conjunctival injection (red eyes)
Erythema (redness) of the lips,
mouth and pharynx
Red, cracked lips
Peripheral extremity changes:
Generalized or periungual
(around the fingernail and toenail beds) peeling
Cervical lymphadenopathy (at least one lymph
node greater than or equal to 1.5 cm in diameter)
Who gets Kawasaki Syndrome?
Children under five years of age are most commonly
Children over eight years of age rarely, if
ever, have the disease
How is Kawasaki Syndrome spread?
The cause of Kawasaki Syndrome is unknown.
How is Kawasaki Syndrome diagnosed?
There is no specific laboratory test to diagnose
Kawasaki Syndrome. A case of Kawasaki Syndrome
is confirmed when a case meets the clinical case definition.
Comment: If fever disappears after intravenous gamma
globulin therapy is started, the clinical case definition may
still be met even if the fever lasts less than 5 days.
Where can I get more information?
Contact your physician or the Southern Nevada Health District, Office of Epidemiology at (702) 759-1300.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Case definitions for
infectious conditions under public health surveillance. MMWR
1990; 39 (No. RR-13):17